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  1. Introduction to evidence-based decision-making 4 items
    1. Evidence Based Medicine: What It Is And What It Isn't: It's About Integrating Individual Clinical Expertise And The Best External Evidence - David L. Sackett, William M. C. Rosenberg, J. A. Muir Gray, R. Brian Haynes and W. Scott Richardson 1996

      Article Essential

    2. Evidence-based medicine: a commentary on common critici... [CMAJ. 2000] - PubMed - NCBI - Sharon Straus, Finlay McAlister

      Article Essential You'll need to read this paper to answer the questions in the quiz. It may seem strange to ask you to read a paper that looks at criticisms about Evidence-based practice but I hope it will encourage you to see that, as in all disciplines, there is often discussion about the use or otherwise of a way of thinking.

    3. Evidence-based dentistry: an introduction - Hackshaw, Allan K., Paul, Elizabeth A., Davenport, Elizabeth 2006

      Book Recommended You only need to read chapter 1: Evidence-based dentistry: what it is and how to practice it. The book is available in the Whitechapel library and as an e-book

    4. Painless evidence-based medicine - Dans, Antonio L., Dans, Leonila F., Silvestre, Maria Asuncion A. c2008 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential The first chapter of this book is a helpful introduction to evidence-based practice.

  2. Levels of evidence and study designs 6 items
    1. Evidence-based dentistry* - D Richards, A Lawrence 11/1998

      Article Essential

    2. How to Read a Paper: Assessing the Methodological Quality of Published Papers - Trisha Greenhalgh 1997

      Article Essential Whilst there is a hierarchy of evidence the quality of the research within each level of the hierarchy varies. This paper gives an overview of how to begin reading a clinical or population health research paper.

    3. Clinical Evidence - Intervention - Should asymptomatic impacted wisdom teeth be removed prophylactically? - Impacted wisdom teeth

      Webpage Recommended This is an example of a pre-appraised evidence summary. Whilst Clinical Evidence provides many more summaries for medical problems, dental problems are few. There is no need to read it all - I just wanted to familiarise you with the site.

    4. Prevention and management of dental decay in the pre-school child. A national clinical guideline - SIGN

      Document Essential This is an example of a pre-appraised evidence summary. Once again, though, there aren't too many of these at the Scottish Intercollegiate Network (SIGN). There is no need to read all of this but if you look at the first pages it explains how they organised the evidence into different rankings. You will find that there are many different "levels of evidence" tables created by different organisations.

    5. Epidemiology for the uninitiated - Coggon, D., Rose, Barker, D. J. P. 2003

      Book Optional Chapters 7, 8 and 9 are simple explanations of longitudinal (cohort) studies, cross-sectional and case-control studies, and intervention studies. The book overall is very short and is an easy way into epidemiology...

    6. Critical appraisal of epidemiological studies and clinical trials - J. Mark Elwood 2017

      Book Optional The first two chapters of this book are an easy to read explanation of the common types of study used in clinical and population research.

  3. The structured question 2 items
    1. Searching skills toolkit: finding the evidence - De BrĂșn, Caroline, Pearce-Smith, Nicola, Heneghan, Carl, Perera, Rafael 2009 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Chapter 5 pages 35-37 gives an explanation of the PICO format and why we use it. There is plenty more in this book to help you become a more efficient searcher and user of evidence.

    2. Asking the right question right - Derek Richards 2000-7-17

      Article Essential

  4. Background reading for Evidence-Based Dentistry 2 items
    1. Evidence-based dentistry: managing information for better practice - Richards, Derek c2008

      Book Recommended I would recommend reading chapters 1-7 but concentrate on the PICO questions that are used as examples. Don't get bogged down in the critical appraisal - we'll get into this more in year 2. Chapter 2 covers hierarchies of evidence. The presentations on QMPlus essentially deal with the primary studies and systematic reviews. In this chapter they include guidelines too but unfortunately we don't have a massive number of these in dentistry.

    2. Critical thinking: understanding and evaluating dental research - Brunette, Donald Maxwell, Hornby, Kathryn, Oakley, Carol c2007

      Book Recommended

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